What Is Technical Debt in Scrum

More or less, it requires a Scrum Master to cultivate a climate where a client places an order for the work into the product backlog, and the team of the Scrum transforms it into an increment of significant worth.

Software developers using agile strategies to code often prefer to use Scrum strategies to build extremely complex software products. Dealing with technical debt in Scrum is a challenge that all coding technicians face during the Sprint.
Scrum is getting popular with every single passing day as the most widely used agile coding technique. It is a combination of practices, standards, and coding conventions in iterative procedures to produce the best coding results in a sprint. But the question is still there.

How can such an exuberant process result in the instance of creating technical debt? To answer this question, first, find out how Scrum works?

How Scrum works in Agile network

Think of Scrum as a simpler structure that delivers the best results. It helps individuals, groups as well as associations in providing versatile answers for really complex coding tasks. It makes it possible to convey beneficial and innovative results that worth beyond expectations. More or less, it requires a Scrum Master to cultivate a climate where a client places an order for the work into the product backlog, and the team of the Scrum transforms it into an increment of significant worth.

Sprint is the decided timeframe to finish the project that is allocated to the Scum team as well as prepare its review. It starts with arranging a joint meeting that includes team members, facilitators, and the owners of a project along with the Scrum Master. They together concur upon precisely what work will be refined during the Sprint. They decide how much work can reasonably be refined during the Sprint, while the owner of the project has the last say on what standards should be met for the work to be endorsed and acknowledged.

The scum works in repeated splints that progressively reach towards the completion of the project. Each splint completes the output from a specific backlog provided by the client.

Usually, a sprint endures a week or 30 days. The length of a sprint is jointly decided by the scrum master and the client or owner of the project. When the group agrees on how long a sprint should last, all future sprints ought to be something similar.

Technical Debt in Scrum

Scrum engages software makers in the form of a team. The whole team focuses on a single goal of making a final product that is all set to be promoted or delivered to the end-user or owner. The individual team members work closely, discus, and interact to get the best possible solution, following the instructions from the scrum master in the form of scrum rules. The scrum master makes sure that the backlog provided by the owner or customer is best utilized in a coordinated manner by the team.

Technical Debt In Scrum

Who is responsible for managing the Technical Debt in Scrum?

Not only the Scrum Master but the whole team is responsible for managing the technical debt in the whole development project. The Scrum Master makes it feasible for the group members to self-arrange and switch from one technique to another when required. His duty is to facilitate the interactions of all the team members for smooth functioning and unified results.

As with every ordinary software project, Scrum projects have a possibility of technical debt if short cuts or less viable coding practices are employed. The nature of the Scrum allows coordinated functioning by the members of the team. Therefore, the whole team should focus on using quality coding, keeping in view the basic framework of their project.

Truly speaking, there is no single rule or set of practices that work well for all Scrum projects. Below, we have sorted certain recommendations for managing the technical debt in Scrum:

  1. The components of the projects provided by the customer may contain deficiencies and errors. These prove to be the source of debt and will make further coding of the project harder. The team needs to highlight these debts in each backlog and come to a unified plan to minimize these.
  2. Declare technical debt issues more transparently during every meeting right from the start. The Scrum initiates with the backlog list provided by the owner of the project. At the end of every Sprint, the status of the technical debt should be highlighted in the review. The team members should have a clear understanding of the goodness of coding that is already done.
  3. The whole team should make a norm to pay off the technical debt during the Sprint. The team should allocate a good percentage of time and effort in dealing with issues related to bugs and errors. Every Sprint should be given equal time and effort to refactor for achieving the least level of debt.
  4. To minimize the technical debt efficiently, it is vital to have an estimate. Technical debt ratio is a tried and tested approach to get an idea of how much debt is present in the project each time the team reviews the code.
  5. The scrum team should be aware of the standards to achieve and the status of technical debt on each backlog they are working on. Every project has a varying quality requirement as per coding. The quality standards to achieve in each backlog of a project are also different.
  6. The goal of Scrum should be to keep track of the technical debt and keep it at a point where it is manageable in the long run. Once the team agrees that the technical debt is on the optimal level where the code quality is not compromised, the Sprint should be announced as completed.


While many companies are implementing Scrum to add high value to their projects, the formation of technical debt is still not out of the question. No matter how efficient the teams are performing, the key to managing debt is clearly defining and keeping the status of debt transparent.

The whole team should exert unified effort on understanding, measuring, and paying off technical debt in each splint of the project. The debt report should be an essential part of the Splint reviews and should be dealt with on a priority basis.